Wednesday, January 21, 2009

Tech Terms, revisited

Well, I was finally able to really figure out the "Tech Terms" assignment and upon doing so discovered a very interesting website by the URL of on which I was able to find nearly all of the definitions, quite hand if I do say so.
Anyway, here is a list of some World Wide Web related definitions:.htm/.html

* HTML -- Short for HyperText Markup Language, HTML is the authoring language that is used to create documents on the World Wide Web. It defines the structure and layout of a Web document by using a variety of tags and attributes
* content -- The information on a Web site.
* .jpg/JPEG, .gif/GIF -- JPEG (pronounced jay-peg) is a glossy compression technique for color images, yet it may reduce file sizes to about five percent their normal size and lose some detail.
GIF (pronounced jiff or giff) is a bit-mapped graphics file format that supports color and various resolutions. It is limited to 256 colors and is more effective for scanned images, like illustrations, yet includes data compression.
* .pdf/PDF -- Stands for Portable Document Format and is a file format developed by Adobe Systems. PDF makes it possible to send formatted documents and have them appear as they were intended to by capturing formatting information from a variety of desktop publishing applications.
* URL -- URL means Uniform Resource Locator and is the global address of documents and other resources on the WWWeb. The first part of the address is the protocol identifier (indicates what protocol to use). The second is the resource name (specifies the IP address or the domain name). The two parts are separated by a colon and two forward slashes, i.e.
* .asp, .php --“.asp” stands for Application Service Provider and provides access to Internet-based software. One can use ASP in their own web projects only if they have the personal Web server installed on their computer.
“.php” is short for Hypertext Preprocessor and is an open source HTML embedded scripting language used to create dynamic Web pages. PHP script is enclosed with special tags and allows authors to jump between HTML and PHP instead of the need to rely on heavy amounts of HTML code (clients cannot view PHP code). It can perform any task that the CGI can do but the strength lies in its combatability.
* hypertext --A special type of database system invented by Ted Nelson that allows objects (text, pictures, music, programs, etc.) to be creatively linked to each other. This in turn allows users to click from one thing to another completely different thing with ease. Hypertext is useful for organizing and browsing through large databases that consist of disparate types of information.
* .wav -- A format for storing sound files that was developed by both Microsoft and IBM. ‘.wav’ is the extension that the filenames end with.
* .exe -- An executable file with an .exe extension.
* bandwidth -- Either:
A range within a band of frequencies or wavelengths.
The amount of data that can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time. Usually expressed in bits per second or bytes per second.
* javascript --A scripting language developed by Netscape to enable Web authors to design interactive sites. It shares many of the features of the full Java language, yet was developed independently. Allows for dynamic Web content.
* Flash -- A bandwidth friendly and browser independent vector-graphic animation technology. As long as different browsers are equipped with the necessary plug-ins, Flash animations will look the same.
Fact – used to be known as FutureSplash until 1997.
* accessibility -- The ease of reaching a Web site for all people(s).
* inverted pyramid (according to Constance Petersen) -- A bottom up style of writing. In order to write this way, begin by stating the conclusion and work your way backward. This style fits the needs of people who scan (most important to least important).
* linking (according to Jakob Nielsen) -- Links should go directly to a site’s interior pages in order to enhance usability because, unlike generic links, they specifically relate to users’ goals. Websites should encourage deep linking and follow three guidelines to support its users. (see URL to the right for more detail)
* AFS (look up on MSU site) -- The Andrew File System (AFS) is a place to store files and publish Web pages for MSU students, faculty and staff who have an MSU NetID.

No comments:

Post a Comment